Who is Elder Ganesha or Kartikeya

In the vibrant tapestry of Hindu mythology, the relationships between divine entities often hold profound significance. Among the many intriguing relationships in Hinduism, the question of who is the elder son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati has sparked both curiosity and contemplation for generations. This intriguing debate revolves around the contrasting narratives found in different Puranic scriptures, which tell us about Ganesha and Kartikeya, two beloved deities who play pivotal roles in Hindu traditions.

Kartikeya, the Elder Son

In the Skanda Purana, a prominent text dedicated to Kartikeya, it is explicitly stated that Kartikeya holds the title of the elder son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. This Purana narrates the fascinating tale of Kartikeya’s birth, attributing it to the combined energies of Shiva and Parvati. According to this account, Kartikeya was a product of their divine union.

The Skanda Purana also underscores another essential aspect of the narrative: the creation of Ganesha by Goddess Parvati. Here, Ganesha’s origin is attributed solely to Parvati, setting the stage for an intriguing contrast in the tales.

Alternate Accounts

Interestingly, some other Puranas, such as the Brahma Vaivarta Purana and the Devi Bhagavata Purana, present a different perspective on the matter. These texts acknowledge Kartikeya as the elder son of Shiva and Parvati but also mention that Ganesha was born before him. However, Ganesha is granted the boon of being worshipped first by all, despite being the younger sibling.

Understanding the Discrepancy

The divergence in these accounts of Ganesha and Kartikeya’s seniority has been a topic of contemplation among scholars and devotees alike. Several factors may contribute to these distinct narratives.

1. Regional Traditions

One explanation could lie in the diverse regional traditions prevalent in India. Ganesha enjoys immense popularity in South India, where his worship is deeply ingrained in the culture. Conversely, Kartikeya is more prominent in North India. These regional variations may have influenced the narratives surrounding their seniority.

2. Philosophical Interpretations

Another plausible reason for the differing accounts is the profound philosophical interpretations within Hinduism. Scholars and philosophers often delve into the symbolism and metaphysics of Hindu deities. This can lead to varying perspectives on the relationship between Ganesha and Kartikeya, and how their seniority is perceived in the context of Hindu philosophy.


The debate over who is the elder son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, Ganesha or Kartikeya, adds depth and richness to the tapestry of Hindu mythology. While the Skanda Purana and other texts assert Kartikeya’s seniority, alternative narratives in the Brahma Vaivarta Purana and Devi Bhagavata Purana keep the discussion alive. Ultimately, the different accounts may be a reflection of India’s diverse regional traditions and the multifaceted nature of Hindu philosophy, reminding us that Hinduism is a complex and evolving tradition, where interpretations continue to flourish and enrich our understanding of the divine.

Also read: Lord Ganesha Sister Name

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